#351 Quantum physic and Zen by Mark Feb. 7 21

Quantum physic and Zen philosophy.

Physics is the study of nature, matter and the properties of energy. Over the centuries our understanding of physics has become more and more refined. It started out as simply logical deductive reasoning from Aristotle. Amazingly, little more progress was made over the next 2,000 years until Isaac Newton made his monumental discoveries of the laws of motion and gravity. We are all likely familiar with his 3 most famous laws: an object will not change its motion unless a force acts on it; the force on an object is equal to its mass times its acceleration and when two objects interact, they apply forces to each other of equal magnitude and opposite direction.

These laws perfectly describe our macro world, the world that we see around us. They are deterministic. Meaning, we can use the laws to determine the future movements of objects that involve motion and gravity with perfect precision. These laws are so exact that if, in theory, we knew the exact location of every particle in the universe and the forces acting on them, by applying Newton laws we can absolutely determine the future location of those particles. In essence, we could predict the future.

Newton’s laws stood unchallenged as the basis of physics for 200 years. That was until a group of scientists in the 1920’s and 30’s discovered quantum physics. This is a very complicated field but basically what they discovered was that Newton’s laws did not hold when they started to investigate the atom and its components. At this sub-atomic level all matter is essentially light. Newton’s laws of motion and gravity simply did not describe the world they were seeing inside the atom. These young scientists uncovered a new set of laws that were able to describe what they saw. But, there was a big difference between Newton’s laws and the laws of the quantum world. Newton’s laws are able to give us perfect predictions of the future, if we knew the exact location of matter and the forces acting on it. Quantum laws give

us no such certainty. The best description they give us is one based on probability. The location of an electron at any given time can only be predicted with some degree of probability. Another key law of the quantum world is that particles only exist in relation to each other. There is no absolute existence.

So, what does this all have to do with Zen philosophy? We know that a large source of our suffering comes from our tendency to project into the future and especially to strive for some sort of certainty about how our actions will create good outcomes. You can see how this sounds very Newtonian. If I make some good choices then I will have good outcomes. But we now know from the quantum world that these expectations are false. How can we live in the macro world expecting certainty when the most basic components of our matter behave only with probability? The universe is designed to disappoint those who seek certainty. This is a tough lesson to learn for many. Our continued practice of meditation and training the mind to live with uncertainty is properly aligned with how the universe is organized at its most fundamental level.

Thank you

#350 Mindfulness practice Drill#1 awareness of spaces Jan.31 21

         Mindfulness practice Drill #1   “ Awareness of spaces”

Zen calls our brain-mind a monkey mind because, like a monkey, our mind jumps from one branch to another one non-stop 24/7. Branches, of course, mean thoughts and feelings.

In fact, it is estimated than this crazy monkey is running thru around 110,000 branches per day.

Our mind is controlling us and more specifically its ego part, main source of our “suffering”.

Taming our monkey brings us closer to Awakening /Enlightenment that is serenity and equanimity.

Serenity is to accept pain but making suffering optional.

Taming the mind is to control our thinking/feelings, observe them and let them go in a mindful way.

Regular mindfulness meditation is the #1 weapon to tame the monkey.

It can be done in 2 ways:

   1-Thru formal sitting meditation that is being still and anchoring your mind on your breathing or

   2-By practicing short mindfulness exercises/drill, on the go, during the day.

Here is one that I call: “Awareness of new spaces”

It involves bringing non-judgmental awareness to any transitions between spaces when you leave one space to enter another. Before you walk through a different space, pause, even if only for few seconds, during one breath or 2. Learn to be aware of the differences you might feel in each new space you enter. You can expand this space transition by including your car, shops, outside, etc.

Usually as we walk from one space to the next, we do it totally unconsciously because our mind is always elsewhere. Our body is doing one thing – walking through one space to the next whereas our mind is doing something else, somewhere in a different space-time. This is how we go through our day, day by day.

Zen talks about “sleepwalkers” that is being in a constant dreaming state made of past and future space-times and fed of non-stop thoughts and feelings.

As we learn to become more aware of the present moment such as where we are and what we are doing, bit by bit, the gap closes between the concrete reality of the present space-time and the fictional past and future ones created by the mind.

Life becomes more vivid and satisfying. This is the beauty of the gift called “Now” and this is why it is called present.

Remember this: despite its enormous power, our brain-mind cannot proceed with 2 thoughts at the same time. Forcing our brain-mind to be in the concrete reality of the NOW prevent him from having other thoughts.

Last words:

Be aware and appreciate each physical space that you are currently within.

It will help you to become more aware of your multitude fictional mind space-time that you encounter continuously. This awareness is critical as far the control of the  monkey mind is concerned,

This very simple act of life such as being aware of moving from one space to the next one is one example of pressing the pause button 0n your jumping monkey.

Thank you.


Building confidence during insecurity and incertitude

Psychology says that we can learn self-confidence through positive thinking. Creating good thoughts to counteract bad ones can only make our mind busier and….worried. Like putting a Band-Aid on a wooden leg.

Zen practice builds confidence in a total different way by:

 – Minimizing detrimental overthinking,

 – Noticing the thoughts and feelings as they are and letting them go, but not by creating opposite  thoughts.

This is the principle of practicing “Don’t know mindor “Empty mind” in this enigmatic Zen language.

Insecurity and incertitude create negative thoughts and vice versa. This is a vicious circle. Whatever cause or consequences they are waste of mental energy since they will not affect any possible outcomes.

Rather than listening to our talkative mind, just let go its voice by focusing for a short period of time on something concrete and real such as our breathing. By doing so, we take control of our mind and when we do so we build confidence and positive mental energy.

As soon as you judge yourself, as soon as you are attached to an opinion, to a feeling or to a past, present or future situation, you enter into the positive/negative emotional endless debate. Whenever you debate, insecurities and incertitude eat away at your equanimity and you lose confidence creating further insecurity and incertitude. This is another vicious circle.

Reboot your monkey mind by breaking this circle that is becoming the observer of your mind-made insecurity and incertitude.

The only thing that we can have real confidence is that we don’t know what is going on.

The observation and acceptance of our incertitude and insecurity is liberating confidence.

Young children are masters at not knowing. They know they don’t know and they view the world with wonder and confidence. Why not to do the same.

When we start overthinking that we know about who-what-how-when, we enter a world of speculation, opinions and expectation.

At this point, incertitude and insecurity could overcome confidence and quietness.

In any moment, you can step outside of this battle between what is real and what is mind-made

by bringing your attention, in a mindfulness way to something real  such your breath or by any of our 5 senses even for a short period of time.


If too much thinking is causing incertitude or insecurity and vice versa accept them and let them go by bringing your attention back to the concrete reality of the moment such as breathing.

When the thoughts go, the negative feeling including insecurity and incertitude will go with them and confidence will fill the void, at least temporally.

Remember that babies, kids and animals other than humans don’t create incertitude nor insecurity because their brain-mind never over think like we do.

Building confidence cannot be achieved by fighting insecurity and incertitude but rather by observing and accepting them.

This is counter intuitive statement like most of Zen philosophy and teaching. 

Thank you

#348 A step toward Awakening Jan. 17 21

                     A step toward Awakening

“ What are you” or “Who are you” is a classic Koan that every Zen student has to answer properly.

If the answer is related to the “I, me, myself & mine” the student fails and must work on the Koan again and again. So….How to define yourself w/o talking about yourself?

This is a typical counter-intuitive and contradictory statement common in Zen teaching.

We are trying to identify ourselves all the time even if we are not fully aware of the process.

On going self-identification is part of our ego’s job.

If we are asked the question:” Who are you “? the answers are always the same and can be divided into 2:

1) Direct relationship to you such as gender, age, race, religion, traits, thinking, feeling, belief, tastes, etc…

2) But, in fact, most of the answer’s components have nothing to do with you directly because you will define yourself in relation with your surrounding world such as family / social/ professional status.

Example: “ I am a woman/man, 56 yo, spouse of X, have 2 kids, 3 grand-kids, work for Bell Canada, play hockey and I am a non-believer” .I am  born in Canada,  my father was from England…my mother came from Spain,……blah blah blah.

In this typical answer that people will give all the time, none of the characteristics are specific nor genuine to you except of course your 23,000 DNA-based human genes.

Our DNA is unique to each living being not from its chemical composition but only from the sequences of its 3 billion base pairs.

We do need a social ID, This is law and there is no point to avoid it.

But why are we trying to identify ourselves thru others, thru our work or thru this or that.  

“How are you?”……” I am busy”. This is another classical answer of self-identification in which the ego cannot conceive being inactive. We are using role-playing for self identification.

Where is Zen in all this stuff?

The single most vital step toward Awakening is to “di-identify “yourself not only from your material self, your thoughts and feelings but also from your possessions, interactions and role playing with the external world including people.

Using biological, mental profile, interaction with the world, possessions and achievement, etc., cannot define your True entity because they are just proxy and reflection of it.

A mirror cannot be described by what it is reflecting.

Learning to di-identify ourselves from our biological, mental, and social persona is a mandatory step towards awakening that is to discover our genuine self or immaterial. Our true entity is totally hidden behind our ego-made “personal self”.  

True self cannot be described. It can only be experienced. For example: despite thousand words to describe the taste of an orange, only from experience  -that is by eating the fruit – that we discover its taste.

How to get there?

Start by just considering the fact that, maybe what you are defining as “I, me, mine and myself” is not your real entity but just the transient , tiny biological, mental and social reflections of it.

Just sit, tame your mind, walk the journey and discover of your Real self always present.

Does experiencing True self has any day-to day application? You will be surprised.

Thank you arnaud

#347 About complaning Jan.10 21

About complaining

Complaining is one of our ego’s favorite strategies for feeding itself in order to get stronger and more powerful. Ego loves complaining even if, most of the time, complaining will not change anything excepting producing negative energy, which will neutralize our positive one.

I will talk about these later on.

Every complain is a little story that our ego-mind is making up in such way that we believe in it.

Whether we complain aloud or only in thought makes no difference.

Some people don’t have too much to identify themselves and chronic complaining is one way to express their unique self.

When we are in the grip of our ego tricks, complaining about anything but more specifically about people is habitual. The process is mostly subconscious which means that we are not even aware of it.

Applying negative labels to people, either to their face or more commonly when we speak about them to others is often part of our self-identification. There are better ways for it.

One of the common side effect of complaining is to trigger other negative feelings such as guilt and guilt is also one of the tool that our ego is using to built its identity.

So, watch out, if you catch yourself complaining about life, your life, your mistakes, a past or current event, a person in either by talking about or just thinking about silently.

It is worthwhile to realize that complaining is always a cardinal sign of non-acceptance of what life and its content is.

Non-acceptance invariably carries an unconscious negative charge, which may bring more other negative feelings such as anger, resentment, regrets, and fear unless social complaining is part of your small talk and has no negative consequences.

Finally: when we complain, we are making ourselves a victim.

So, what to do as far Zen philosophy is concerned?

The recipe is not new to you because the process is always the same.

Pay attention to your thoughts and words and discover that you are complaining about someone or something, then:

   – Acknowledge and accept the fact that you are complaining.

   – If you can fix it, do it with or without help.

   – If you cannot fix it which is the most common scenario, see your complaint as the inner voice of your ego in search for enhancing its identification. Then let it go.

   – Also, realize that having too many and too high expectations that cannot be met are frequent causes of frustration, anger, and complaints.

– Try to be more grateful about things rather being resentful.

All else is simply stupidity or even madness.

Thank you.


#346 Is suffering necessary? Jan. 3 21

Dharma talk # 346                   Is suffering necessary?

Of course not or ..maybe! However physical and emotional pains are unavoidable.

Events in Life are what they are and not what we want nor what we don’t want to be.

“When we do not get what we want or when we get what we do not want,” we are creating suffering at various degrees…… and Life does not care less.

Few external events such as the loss of a loved one, of a job have/will induce suffering but they are seldom and transient during life and, again, there is nothing we can do about them.

So, most of our suffering is coming from our ego-driven mind with its poisonous arrows such as:

“ I want”, “I don’t want”, “I like”, “I dislike”, I am a victim, my feelings, my illusions,  etc..

I, Me, Myself, Mine” are the roots of all of our negative feelings and illusions.

They describe the word  “Dukkha” in Sanskrit, poorly translated as “suffering”

Is suffering necessary? …..Yes and No.

I already said NO because we are not looking for.

However, I will now elaborate on the YES answer that is:

Without being masochistic, suffering can be used as an opportunity when it happens.

At this point, it has a purpose if not a necessity.

Let me elaborate on this counter-intuitive statement:

If we never suffer, we will not be able to discover the master of our suffering and its hidden tools that create suffering because we are trapped in a fictional daydreaming state, away from reality.

The master is our ego and its single strategy to generate suffering are “ I, me, myself and mine”

Suffering is like a waking call because it cracks the thick shell of our egotistic mind like a pneumatic hammer breaking concrete or like an MRI of our mind.

When the opening is done, we can look at our naked ego and discover, inside this beast, the tools it is creating to induce emotional pain from negative feelings to illusions and mind set.

Up to us to deal with them using awareness thru meditation.

At this point, suffering did its job and is not necessary nor has a purpose anymore.

This is the “NO” answer of the beginning.

Unfortunately, our ego becomes busy again to rebuild its shell, to blossom, and to bring back new egotistic causes of suffering.

Fresh suffering will, again, break the shell of our selfishness and so on until the end of our life.

When you are able to observe your ego-driven negative emotions, you realize that they are not the real you because you cannot be both the observer and what you are observing at the same time.

This realization that is the separation between genuine self and ego-driven self is also called “Awakening” or “Enlightenment”  

Thank you all. 

#345 Humility: a hidden force towards equanimity Dec. 2 20

 Humility: one of our hidden force towards equanimity

 The following talk sounds distant from Zen philosophy, but stay tuned to the end.

Suppose you are at a job interview with the HR recruiter, and she/he is asking the following: “ What is one of your best qualities?”… and, after a short pause, you answered: “ Humility.” At this point, you probably just killed any hope of getting the job, regardless of your CV and experience.

Humility is a ‘no go’ in our Western rat-race world, especially in business. Its meanings carry negativity, such as docility, low self-esteem, meekness, resignation, inferiority complex, lack of pride and ambition, and so on.

In fact, based on the recent psychological research, being humble simply means to have the ability to accurately assess our deficiencies without denying our strengths and skills. Knowing what we don’t know is true knowledge — a kind of intellectual wisdom.

On the other hand, having this constant delusion of knowing a lot is, besides being arrogant, a trait of genuine ignorance,

To be humble is to be attentive and disposed to our own limitations, weaknesses, and mistakes.

A humble person does not ignore, avoid, or try to deny her/his limits or deficiencies.

On the contrary, if you’re humble, you do not carry a load of negative qualities, overconfidence, judgmental and patronizing behavior, etc….; all of them are traps in which we are stuck.

True humility is not thinking less of ourselves, it is thinking less of what we think! Learning from others is also an excellent trait of not only humility but also true self-confidence.

A mistake, that makes you humble, has far more positive impacts than any achievement that makes you proud and even overconfident.

 When we come to the point where we have no need to impress anyone, our freedom and equanimity rise. The social and professional consequences of humility are obvious, i.e., the link between humility triggering forgiveness. Humility appears to be a great asset to sentimental, social, and professional relationships.

It’s also found that someone who is more humble is more likely to:

1) Initiate a long-term, romantic relationship, perhaps, because they’re less likely to see themselves as ‘too good’ for someone else.

2) Better listener,

2) Less judgmental.

3) Less intimidating,

4) Forgive more easily; the ability to forgive is very important because pain is an inevitable part of any social and professional relationships.  

We mess up often. Saying something we don’t mean, being inconsiderate or forgetting an important event. So, when looking for a partner, it is a good idea to find someone who recognizes that making mistakes is part of being human. 

Where Zen fits into all of this?

One of the key teachings of Zen is the practice of “Don’t know mind.” Initially understood as practicing ‘being ignorant” the meaning is exactly the opposite: it means to have an open and receptive mind rather than having a mind-set on everything.

Believing that we know a lot can be a great source of bitter delusions and restless minds whereas accepting “not knowing or open mind” brings serenity.   

Thank you.

#344: Start with the end in mind ….by Gaurav Dec. 20th 20

Start with the end in mind…

So what happens in the end? We become dirt. We may be buried, cremated, or as in the case of Zoroastrianism left to be fed to birds of prey and then become bird poop. Either way, the end is dirt. So why are we, the walking pile of ‘eventual’ dirt, so consumed by our individuality. We will mix in with the same dirt like everyone else. Yet we stress our importance and our insecurities like we are at the center of the universe! It is quite something. If we start to look at not just our problems but also simple joys with this lens we will see that what ‘matters’ to us doesn’t really matter in the grand scheme of things. Our attachment to our physicality, mental problems, and material possessions lead to much sorrow but to what end.

But knowing this isn’t enough of course. There is an entire life to be lived until…well when we become dirt. But in another sense, it is over in a blink. The key is to regularly meditate on the end…to remember the temporariness of it all. No matter who we are this one single truth cannot be denied or ignored. Too often out of fear we shy away from this topic but focusing on the end can be very therapeutic. It may sound daunting but when done regularly it will not depress but bring you the kind of liberation and peace that is hard to describe in words. Bhutan is considered one of the ‘happiest’ places in the world by several measures but the reality is that Bhutanese peoples train to meditate on death from very early on in their lives.

We want to admit it or not, choose to see it or not, the end is coming. We can hide or prepare by focusing on it regularly. The concept to embrace here is that there is life after death…not necessarily in the context of reincarnation but the fact that consciousness survives and as much as we will become dirt we will facilitate life after we are gone. Our physical individuality will merge with the very elements it was created from.

Thank you

#343 A Winning mind Dec.13th 20

Wanting to be happier

Wanting to be happier is a universal daily expectation.

The scientific study of happiness called positive psychology has mushroomed over the last two decades. Major research institutions have taken on provoking search into the joy of joy, with surprising results. Here are few:

Researchers from UK used MRI, heart-rate monitors and blood levels of several hormones and neuropeotides as biomarkers to analyze what they called “mood-boosting triggers”. Using different stimulus on 600 adult participants, they were assessing the degree of happiness or pleasure generated. Among all possible triggers, one came above all the time:

What was this magic stimulus?

A smile.

Maybe this why smiling is an ongoing trait of all of my Zen teachers.

Smiling, involving 43 muscles has truly remarkable biological-related positive emotional effects.

It actually makes you feel good for a short duration even if you’re not feeling good in the moment.

A 2009 fMRI study in Munich demonstrated conclusively that the brain’s happiness circuitry is activated when you smile (regardless of your current mood). If you’re down, smiling actually prompts your brain to produce feel-good hormones such as dopamine and oxytocin for a short period of time.

Smiling is also a predictor of longevity.

In a 2010 out of Wayne State University, researchers looked at Major League baseball players.

They found that the frequency, duration of a player’s smile, and frequency intensity of laughing actually increase lifespan, all things being considered statistically.

A 30-year longitudinal study out of UC Berkeley examined the smiles of students with spooky results. Students’ smiling attitude  turned out to be accurate predictors of:

1)  High their standardized psychometric tests of well-being.

2)  How inspiring they are to others.

3)  How fulfilling their sentimental life will be.

Research also demonstrates that when we smile, we look better to others and make them more relaxed. Not only are we perceived as more likable and courteous, but those who benefit from our sunny face actually see us as more competent.

Finally these weird statistics.:

     Young children, especially below 5 crack a smile around 400/day.

     Around 30% of us smile over 20 times a day.

     Under 14% of adults smile fewer than 5 times a day.

Smiling consciously or even laughing on a regular basis and without a specific reason is a difficult skill to learn and practice.

Our society, especially in our working environment, is expecting us to look serious and in deep thoughts.

However, smiling will make us feeling good, making us looking good, and will get us to better. interpersonal skills and relationships.

Smiling once a while will not fix our mood 24/7 but it is better than the doom and gloom of a frozen face.

Thank you.

#342 Controlling anger Dec. 6 20

Controlling anger

Anger is an emotional involuntary reflex mostly ego-driven. Its onset is impossible to prevent.

This destructive emotion is very hard to control because it takes over our rational thinking, pushing us into further detrimental consequences.

Whatever its sources and they are many, anger is affecting not only you and me but also people around us.

At its onset, we behave like a volcano projecting tons of hot larva and toxic gases around.

Anger makes us radioactive to others because, when the damage is done there is no return point.

It will remain anchor in the mind of others whatever how they try to forgive you.

So, what to do?  

1) During acute blast of anger:

   a) To pay attention to it and look at its triggers. Without this phase, you will remain prisoner of it.

   b) Then channel your angry energy into constructive and helpful actions.

       For example: Leave the room, go for a walk, do something constructive to burn of your negative energy.

2) During ongoing chronic state of anger:

     a) Change your anger habit to achieve a long-term constructive approach:

         We spend a consistent amount of time being angry about this and that. It may become a sort of addiction

         The best way is to write down in an “anger diary”. Analyze your anger: triggers, frequency duration. Once you get a sense of how much time of your life you spend angry, you can work on its frequency and duration. It is like quitting smoking because chronic anger can be, again an addiction.

     b) Paying attention to your anger-triggers is key:

         As you become more familiar with the anger-triggers you will be able to see them coming and make an effort to respond differently. You learn how you get angry and become curious about how it arises and how to cool down.

        When becoming angry becomes an habit, it will overrides all subtle emotions causing anger.

        Anger often arises from feelings of anxiety, helplessness, frustration or jealousy.

        As you are approaching your anger with awareness, you will get better at feeling these more emotions.

3) As mentioned previously, the other victims of your anger are people around you:

   Unloading your anger at people is like emitting radioactivity.

   Self-defense and counter-anger measures arise from them as they try to protect themselves from your radioactive blast.

   Remember the anger creates suffering not only for you but also for others. The consequence is often irreversible for life.

To summarize:

What triggers anger is mostly ego-driven and multifactorial such as:

Unsatisfied desires, hatred, illusions, regrets of the past, anxiety of the future, people, circumstances  and many other negative feelings can or will trigger anger.

Learning to be detached from the triggers and paying attention to our anger are keys.

Remember that you are the one pulling that trigger and when the bullet is fired you cannot retrieve it.

Thank you